Minimum Age Requirement for Gambling in USA and Countries Around the Globe

Gambling Age Restrictions Header

The online gambling industry is growing in leaps and bounds. However, it’s quite interesting to note what types of online casino and retail casino games are preferred from region to region. There are quite some preference differences from one culture to the next. How old you have to be to gamble online also differs slightly from nation to nation. Read our article to learn more about the basic demographics and age restrictions for gambling across the globe.

Minimum Age to Gamble in USA, and Other Prominent Countries Around the World

Gambling is quite prevalent across the world. Many countries support land-based casinos and sports betting totes. Where retail gaming is not available, you can be sure that nationals can log in online to play at online casinos, poker rooms, and sportsbooks. But in each country/state, there are various age restrictions and laws. Our team explores the restrictions in more detail across some of the larger “gambling countries”. If you want to know how old you must be to gamble in Vegas, various other regions in the USA, the UK, the EU, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and some of the Asian countries, then be sure to read through our information presented here.


EU Flag

Europe has absolutely become the gambling hub of the world. The United Kingdom is a big contributing factor to its success, adding a worth of more than £14.2 billion pounds in 2020, during the height of the pandemic.  Other massive contenders in the gambling industry include Italy, Germany, France, and Spain.

A split of the revenues as per 2019

Country Percentage Split
UK 30.1%
Germany 11.4%
France 9.2%
Italy 8.7%
Sweden 6.2%
Spain 4.5%
Finland 3.5%
Denmark 3.2%
Belgium 3.0%
Ireland 2.6%
Other countries combined 17.6%

In 2019, reports from European Gaming and Betting Association (EGBA) recorded revenues of €98.6 billion. €24.5 billion of that was attributed to online gambling of which 73.5% took place in regulated betting markets.

The online gambling statistics

Type of Gambling Percentage Split
Sports betting 41%
Online casino 34%
Poker 5%
Bingo 4%
Other Skill Games 1%
Lottery 15%

How old do you need to be to gamble in Europe?

Well, the average age for casino and sports betting is 18 years of age at both live retail casinos and online casinos, while bingo games and lottery scratch cards range from 16 to 18 years, depending on your country of residence.

The United Kingdom

Union Jack Flag

As the biggest market for gambling in Europe, we thought we would place a little more emphasis on the UK. Over 45% of the nation gambles every month. The lottery is the out-and-out revenue leader in the gaming sphere, attracting 30% of the population. Here, more than 22% of players place a bet more than twice a week. Sports betting is also a massive industry, with most bettors (47%) wagering on the outcome of football games.

Stats during the peak of the pandemic in 2020 revealed a bit of a surprise for gaming demographics. Here, 31% tried gambling online for the first time.

Here’s what was most popular among newbies

Type of Gambling Percentage Split
Bingo 13%
Virtual races and sports 12%
Online Slots 11%

The average gamble per brit is a mere £2 a week and £135 a year. The most likely gambling age is between 35 and 64, though the pandemic revealed that ages between 45 and 54 were most active online in 2020.

Men are more likely to gamble than women, as common stats revealed that 37% of men and 28% of women in the UK gambled. The most likely platform was from their mobile phones.

Online casinos were most-profitable in 2019 (prior to the pandemic) already, having turned a whopping £3.19 billion that year. Bingo receives great support from Brits, far outstripping any other European region.

How old do you need to be to gamble in the UK?

  • 🇬🇧 Online casinos, poker, and sports bets – 18 years
  • 🇬🇧 Lottery scratch cards (in-store) – 16 years
  • 🇬🇧 Football pools – 16 years
  • 🇬🇧 Retail casinos – 18 years

The UK takes under-aged gambling seriously and may implement a fine of up to £1,000 for breaching any legislation in this regard.


Canadian Flag

Canada is ranked 8th in the world for online gambling, with just over 19 million online users. And they are keen gamers too. The average spend per head back in 2002 was around $450 per year. While the modern stats are not clear, the growth of the industry is. Estimates today should raise that spend per annum by a reasonable margin.

The recent history of gambling is broken down as follows:

Type of Gambling Percentage Split
Lottery 65%
Scratch Cards 36%
Casinos 22%

At online casinos, Canucks tend to fancy games in the following order:

  1. Slots
  2. Blackjack
  3. Poker
  4. Roulette
  5. Baccarat

How old do you need to be to gamble at casinos in Canada?

Local laws for Canadian registered retail casinos and online sites restrict players to 19 years of age in most provinces. That restriction changes to 18 years of age in Alberta, Manitoba, and Quebec. Many Canadians play at offshore remote online casinos. As such, they will only have to be 18 years of age to play.

Legal Regulated Gambling in the USA

USA Flag

The online gambling realms in the United States are in their infancy. Only 5 states (New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and West Virginia) provide regulated online casino gambling. Among the most popular game options are online slots and live dealer casino games, especially roulette and blackjack.

The US Supreme court turned over the PASPA ruling a few years back, which means that sports betting is being legalized across new states every year. Here, American sports bets are most often placed on the NFL, NBA, MLB, and other domestic sports leagues. It’s a very new addition to the gambling system, but it is being well received. At the moment, it’s the peak-performing segment for online gambling in the country. This is due to the severe restrictions on online casinos across the other 45 states.

How old do you need to be to gamble in the USA?

Online gambling is considered legal from the age of 21 years in most of the states in the USA. Those partaking in sports betting in Montana, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Washington may be 18 years of age or older. Most states allow lottery and bingo gameplay for players 18 years and older.

It’s important to note that many offshore casinos, sportsbooks, and poker sites target the American people. Here, players as young as 18 years may play on the platforms. The legality of such falls into a grey area in most states. In other regions, it is downright illegal.

Minimum Gambling Age in Atlantic City, New Jersey

  • ⭐ Online casino: 21 Years
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in California

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 18 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 18 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Colorado

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Florida

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⛔ Sports betting: Illegal
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 Years

Minimum Gambling Age in Illinois

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Indiana

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Las Vegas, Nevada

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Louisiana

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years 

Minimum Gambling Age in Maryland

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Michigan

  • ⭐ Online casino: 21 years
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years (Detroit) and 19 (Indian casinos)
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Missouri

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in New York

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years at Seneca casino and 18 years at others
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Ohio

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 18 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Oregon

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 18 years (21 years at casinos selling liquor)
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 18 years (21 years at casinos selling liquor)

Minimum Gambling Age in Texas

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 21 years
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 21 years

Minimum Gambling Age in Washington

  • ⛔ Online casino: Illegal
  • ⭐ Sports betting: 18 years (21 years at casinos selling liquor)
  • ⭐ Retail Casino: 18 years (21 years at casinos selling liquor)


Australian Flag

The Australian online casino industry is non-existent unless gamblers venture to play illegally offshore. As such, the main revenue stream online is from horse race betting and sports betting. Otherwise, the lottery and then pokies (slot machines) generate the most money for retail gambling. The pokies are found in bars, taverns, and casinos across the country.

Horse races and sports betting are extremely popular too, where bets can be placed remotely. According to the Australasian Gaming Council, horse, dog, and sports betting contributed $5.8 billion in revenues in 2019.

Despite the lack of online casinos, Aussies are still the biggest spenders when it comes to gambling in the world. The average loss per gambler is $1,260 per year. Most of these are men (54.2%) over the age of 50 years old. The least likely age group to spend their money on gambling are those between 18 to 24-years of age.

How old do you need to be to gamble in Australia?

Those who would like to gamble on lottery, casino games, and sports must be 18 years or older to do so.

New Zealand

New Zealand Flag

In New Zealand, the only form of legal online gambling regulated in the country is the lottery via Lotto NZ and sports betting via TAB. While online casinos may not legally operate from within the borders of the country, it is legal for New Zealanders to gamble at offshore casino sites or at live land-based casinos.

Research has shown that pokies (slots), roulette, blackjack, baccarat, and poker are favorites among Kiwi players. The growing industry for live dealer games is really becoming a hit. Nevertheless, slots remain the best sellers.

How old do you need to be to gamble in New Zealand?

When playing at offshore casinos or poker sites, you need only be 18 years or older. You need only be 18 years to place bets at TAB in the country, but land-based casino regulations do not permit under 20s.

Asian Countries

Asian Flags

Asian countries like Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, and India are massive online gambling hubs. The strange thing is – legal online betting rules are not regulated properly in any of those countries. Instead, they all rely on remote offshore operators for their entertainment.

Fortunately, there are no laws preventing them from seeking gambling on the internet. In fact, as access to mobile technology has increased in countries like India, we have found growth spurts in the number of Asians playing at online casinos.

The Asian market is quite a bit different from the Western industry though. Slot games and traditional poker do not rule in the same way they do in Europe and the Americas. Instead, live dealer table games are the biggest hit by far in all but Japan.

Favorite casino games in each of the prominent Asian countries

Country Favorite Game Types
Japan Patchinko / Poker / Blackjack / Roulette
India Blackjack / Roulette / Andar Bahar / Poker
Malaysia Live Roulette / Blackjack / Sic Bo / Pai Gow Poker
Singapore Live Roulette / Blackjack / Sic Bo / Pai Gow Poker

When it comes to online sports betting, the leader in the Asian market is most certainly soccer (football), followed by cricket. Other popular events include baseball, basketball, badminton, and table tennis among others.

How old do you need to be to gamble in Asia?

Because all four countries must resort to offshore casinos, the age restriction for online gambling is set at 18 years of age for poker, casino, or sports betting. There is land-based gambling in certain Asian countries.

  • ⭐ India – 18 years
  • ⭐ Singapore – 21 years
  • ⭐ Japan – 20 years


While the demographics and statistics in most countries vary slightly, the mainstays remain lottery, slots, table games, and sports betting. Together, the world revenues for online gambling reached a whopping $58.9 billion in 2019 and are forecasted to reach a massive $92.9 billion by 2023.

Q and A for Additional Information on Gambling

Why are there gambling age restrictions?

All governments implement minimum age requirements for gambling as a way to protect impressionable youth from developing addictive behavior. Studies by the National Library of Medicine show that youth are at elevated risk given neurodevelopmental processes underlying risk-taking and addictive behaviors.

Where is the most under-aged gambling found?

Under-aged gambling is most prevalent online because of the ready availability of platforms on the internet.

What is the lowest gambling age requirement in the USA?

While most states in the USA require gamblers to be 21 years or older to play at casinos, certain establishments in California, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Washington, and Wyoming allow casino gaming at 18 years of age. Here, no alcohol is served on the gaming floor.

Does the gambling age requirement differ for sports vs casino gaming in the USA?

While most casinos have an age restriction of 21 years of age, sports betting is generally allowed from the age of 18 years and older.

What are the best places to gamble in Las Vegas, Nevada?

There are so many casinos available in Vegas, that it is difficult to choose the best one. Some of the most popular include Caesars Palace, the Bellagio, and the Mirage Casino.

What are the best places to gamble in Atlantic City, New Jersey?

There are several top-flight casinos in Atlantic City. The top ones include the Borgata, Harrah's, and Golden Nugget.

What are the top online gambling sites in the UK?

Choosing the best online gambling site is subjective. However, rated purely on the size of the offering, Bet365 and 888Casino/Sports/Poker would have to rate among the best sites to play at.

What are the most popular gambling sites in Australia?

Online casino gaming is not legal in Australia, but sports betting is. As a result, TAB and Ladbrokes are among the most popular gambling sites in the country.

What happens if under-aged gamblers are caught in the USA?

If you are caught gambling under the legal age at a retail casino in the USA, the charge will reflect on your criminal record and you could face fines of up to $1,000 and/or up to 6 months suspension of your driver's license.

Online casinos that catch you will suspend your account and confiscate all your money.

What happens to casinos if they allow under-aged gambling?

Casinos found hosting under-aged gamblers could face stiff fines, risk losing their licenses to operate, and could face criminal charges (if they knowingly allowed it).


Sean van der Merwe

Sean is a senior writer at PokCas. He is an Entertainment, Gaming & Cryptocurrency News Reporter. He has more than 5 years of full-time writing experience.